The Bottom Line

Hands holding bouncing planet

Risks With
Environmental Shifts

A surge of research in recent years suggests a relationship between global warming and the likelihood of conflict. In a 2019 paper, researchers found that intensifying climate change will likely increase the future risk of violent armed conflict within countries, estimating that climate change or climate variability has influenced between 3% and 20% of armed conflict risk over the past century. The study published in the journal Nature also found that if global emission rates are not reduced, the risk of climate-induced violence is fivefold. ~ U.S. News & World Report

Millennials and Gen Z: Declining Climate Perception

“The number of millennials who believe that business has a positive impact on society was 47%, marking the first time that figure has dipped below 50%. Like millennials, fewer than half of Gen Zs see business as a force for
good in society.”
~ Deloitte Global Millennial & GenZ Survey 2021

“Millennials will remain the dominant group in the world’s four largest economies of China, US, Japan and Germany, with a ratio of 100 millennials to 73 Gen Z-ers. These four powerhouses have a combined population approaching 2 billion people.”
~ World Economic Forum, 2019

Cerrado Sunrise Brazil
Shell Beach, Jenner

Climate Advisor on Climate Change

“We are at a unique stage in our history. Never before have we had such an awareness of what we are doing to the planet, and never before have we had the power to do something about that.”

“The future of humanity, and indeed, all of life on earth, now depends on us.”

Sir David Attenborough, one of the world’s best climate advisors

Compassion in Climate Crisis

You cannot care for creation if your heart lacks compassion for your fellow human beings.

  • “The elders were wise. They knew that lack of respect for growing, living things, soon led to lack of respect for humans too.” ~ Chief Luther Standing Bear, Chief Sicangu and Oglala Lakota Chief
  • “The fulness of the godhead dwelt in every blade of grass.” ~ Elias Hicks, Quaker minister
  • “There can be no renewal of our relationship with nature without a renewal of humanity itself. ” ~ Laudato Si
  • The destruction of nature is the destruction of humanity. Nature is our home. All life on this planet, including human life, was born from the natural environment. ~Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese Buddhist philosopher
  • “In all the country you possess, you shall allow a redemption of the land.” ~ The Christian Bible
Man walking on flooded street
Lone boat on misty water


Escalating Global Resource Challenge

“Global climate change will not only make it difficult for countries to meet the basic food and resource needs of their expanding populations, it will also exacerbate tensions within the international system as states compete for increasingly scarce resources.”

~ Daniel Stoll, Ph.D., Associate Dean for Global Affairs, St. Norbert College,
   and former Special Advisor to the Dean, Georgetown University

Impact on Jobs and Water Security

The impact of climate change on food and water security extends beyond the agricultural sector. UNESCO’S 2016 report Water and Jobs 40+ percent of the world’s total active work force are in jobs that are heavily dependent on access to adequate supplies of water. Another 1 billion jobs are classified as “moderately water-dependent”. Any contraction in water resources or reduction in access to water will ripple across the economies of many countries. ~ Global Futures Initiative

Black boy with mother in drought with water jugs

Climate Change: Science to Society

“Major news networks covered less than four hours to climate
change in 2019.” ~ Grist

“Climate change is no longer just a science story. It’s now a political, economic, societal and cultural story.” ~ Max Boykoff, Chair of the Department of Environmental Studies, University of CO

Climate Change’s Toll on Health

“Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress. The direct damage costs to health (excluding costs in health-determining sectors such as agriculture and water and sanitation), is estimated to be between USD $2-4 billion/year by 2030.” ~ World Health Organization

“More than five million extra deaths a year can be attributed to abnormal hot and cold temperatures.” ~ Monash University study

Kookaboora in a burned down forest.

Rising Displacement Threat

  • Australian think tank IEP predicts that at least 1.2 billion people could be displaced by climate-related events by 2050. ~ World Health Forum
  • In 2017, there were a record displacement of people at a record of 68.5 million, and that an average of one person every two seconds. ~ UNHCR’s annual Global Trends report.
  • The number of people displaced by climate change-related disasters since 2010 has risen to 21.5 million, pointing out that “in addition to sudden disasters, climate change is a complex cause of food and water shortages, as well as difficulties in accessing natural resources.” ~ The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • Climate Refugee: someone forced to flee due to disasters and other weather events

18% GDP Loss by 2050 Due to Climate Change

“The largest impact of climate change is that it could wipe off up to 18% of GDP off the worldwide economy by 2050 if global temperatures rise by 3.2 degrees Celsius. The global economy could lose 10% of its total economic value by 2050 due to climate change.”

~ The Swiss Re Institute’s report 
The economics of climate change: no action not an option.

Urgent Human Rights Action

“Climate change is deadly and destructive, and it is caused by people and it must be stopped by people. People are dying, getting sick, suffering hunger and thirst, losing their homes and cultural identities because of climate change. We can still make a difference. We can minimize future harms and remedy existing ones and human rights law demands that we take immediate action to do so.”

~ Ben Schachter, Human Rights Officer, UN Human Rights Office

Inequitable Impact on Fundamental Rights

“Under international human rights law, States have an obligation to respect, protect and fulfil human rights for all people. This includes an obligation to protect people from foreseeable harm. The harms caused by climate change are not just foreseeable, they are ever present and overwhelming. Climate change is eroding the rights to health, life, culture, housing, food, water and sanitation, among others, on an unimaginable scale. It is unforgivable that humanity continues to perpetuate these preventable harms upon itself.”

~ Ben Schachter, Human Rights Officer, UN Human Rights Office

Climate Investment Momentum

Global ESG fund assets reached about $2.5 trillion at the end of 2022, up from $2.24 trillion at the end of the third quarter. The nearly 12 percent jump in assets was almost double the growth of the broader global fund market.
~ Morningstar